A Subset of Stem Cells Might Hold the Key to Minimizing the Risks in the Treatment of Damaged Hearts
Adult stem cells have the ability to differentiate into the other cells found in the body. Also known as Mesenchymal cells, the stem cells that are found in the bone marrow can be used in the treatment of patients who have had a heart attack.
A Myocardial Infarction or better known as the “Heart Attack” is actually a common occurrence, especially for people of old age and for persons who do not have their diets in check.
Heart attacks are quite common. In fact, according to a recent survey, there is at least one heart attack happening every 43 seconds in America. That is pretty alarming, but when you think about it, a lot of people nowadays do not follow a healthy meal plan.
That being said, a Myocardial Infarction can damage the tissue that is surrounding the heart. What does this mean? Well, the short of it is that your heart must operate at twice the performance just to pump blood and this can really put a lot of strain on the organ.
This can result in a number of medical conditions including the weakening of the heart, among various others.
Because of its common occurrence, plenty of scientists are looking for ways to use Mesenchymal cells to fully treat the condition. In fact, we are already using the said stem cells in treating people who have suffered from Myocardial Infarction. However, the results are transient and it just really shows how limited our knowledge is when it comes to using the Mesenchymal cells.
However, that is probably about to change. Scientists from the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai has created a study that is led by Joshua Mayourian. The scientists have used a computer to simulate a mathematical model that mimics the electrical interactions that are happening in the heart.
This model aims to look at the heart cells so that the Mesenchymal cells can be more effective in the future. It is also used to help detect possible side effects and so that the doctors can easily fix the problem if any would arise in the therapy procedure.
It was also found out that one particular subset of Mesenchymal cells holds the key to trigger the tissue restoration process surrounding the heart.
What the scientists are looking into now is to actually use this particular subset of stem cells so that they can better devise a proper treatment method that has long-lasting effects for people who have suffered from a heart attack.
The mathematical model is actually quite useful as it can help doctors pinpoint the exact location as to where the stem cells should be infused. Perhaps, it can also be used to further the advancements of other stem cells in the body as well so that we will know exactly how to use them for future treatment procedures.
As of now, Mayourian and his colleagues are still using the mathematical model to fully unlock how to utilize Mesenchymal cells for treating heart attack sufferers.
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